Why virtual machine?
Because it allows you to safely explore any operating system without lose of any data and damaging your computer in any manner.
This tutorial will walk you through the process of installing Kali Linux in VMware. A free virtual machine manager can be downloaded from http://www.vmware.com.
Disclaimer: This tutorial presume that you know your system configuration (computer configuration) such as the architecture (X86 or X64), RAM (minimum 1 GB), Hard drive storage (minimum of 20 GB), etc.
We need to download Kali linux operating system from http://kali.org/downloads/. If you have a 64-bit capable computer (like me), then you probably want the 64-bit version of Kali for performance and compatibility reasons. Select the 64-bit version ONLY if you have a 64-bit computer. If you don’t have a 64-bit capable computer or if you aren’t sure, then get the 32-bit version, as it will work on both architectures.
Since linux is an open source operating system, You can either directly download Kali linux through the browser’s download manager by clicking on ISO, or you can download it via torrent client by clicking on Torrent. Torrent is usually a bit faster, but if you don’t have a torrent application, or don’t know what a torrent is, don’t worry about it and click ISO to start a normal download.
When Kali linux downloading has finished, open VMware and click on “Create a new virtual machine”.
In the window that opens, select Installer disc image file (iso), browse to the location of and select the Kali Linux ISO file that you just downloaded.
Once you have selected the file, click Next.
In the next step, select a name for the virtual machine. I’m going to name it Tutorial Kali for this tutorial. You also need to select a location for it, I recommend creating a folder called “Virtual machines” in My Documents. Then click Next.
Next step, you need to select a maximum size for Kali. I recommend doing at least 30 GB’s as Kali tends to expand over time. After you’ve entered your desired value (no less than 20 GB) change the next option to Store virtual disk as a single file and click Next.
In the next window, we need to customize some hardware settings, so click on the Customize Hardware… button.
You will now be presented with a Hardware window. Select Memory in the left side of the window, and slide the slider on the right side to at least 512 MB*. Since I have 8 GB of RAM on my computer, I’m going to put it at 2 GB’s (2000 Mb’s).
Note: You should give a virtual machine a maximum of half the RAM installed on your computer. If your computer has 4 GB of RAM, then the max you want to slide it to is 2 GB. If your computer has 8 GB, then you can go to a max of 4 GB, etc.
Now highlight Processors in the left side. This option really depends on your computer, if you have multiple processors, then you can select multiple or all processors for better performance.
Moving on, click on Network Adapter in the left side. On the right side, move the dot to the Bridged (top) option. Now click on the Configure Adapters button.
In the small window that pops up, uncheck all the boxes except for the one next to your regular network adapter and hit OK.
You can now click on Close at the bottom of the Hardware window and then click on Finish in the Wizard.
After you click “Finish” the window will close and the new virtual machine file will be added to the VM library. Now all we have to do is start Kali linux and install it! To do this, highlight the name of the newly created virtual machine by clicking on it, and click Play virtual machine in the right pane.
This will start Kali linux for the first time.
At the boot menu, use the arrow keys to scroll down to Graphical install and hit enter.
The next screen will ask you to select your preferred language, you can use the mouse to select this, then click Continue.
On the next screen, select your location and hit Continue.
It’ll now ask you for your standard keymap. If you use the standard American English keyboard, then just click Continue.
Wait until Kali finishes detecting the hardware on your computer. During this, you might be presented with this screen:
Just hit Continue and select Do not configure the network at this time on the next screen.
You will now be asked to supply a hostname, which is kind of like a computer name. You can enter anything you want, or you can just leave it as kali. When you’re done, hit Continue.
Kali linux setup will now ask you to enter a password for the root (main) account. Make sure you can easily remember this password, if you forget it, you’ll have to reinstall Kali. Hit Continue after you’ve enter and re-entered the password of your choice.
The next step will ask you for your time zone, select it and click Continue.
Wait until Kali detects the disk partitions. When you are presented with the next step, select Guided – use entire disk. (this is usually the top option) then click Continue.
The installer will now confirm that you want to use this partition. Hit Continue.
One more question about the partition will appear. Select the option that says All files in one partition and hit Continue.
Confirm that you want to make these changes by selecting Finish partitioning and write changes to disk. Then hit Continue.
The last question! Confirm that you really want to make these changes by moving the dot to Yes and hitting Continue.
Kali will now start installing! Wait until it has completed, this might take upwards of 30 minutes.
Alright, Kali has finished installing and now you are presented with a window that asks you about a network mirror. You can just select No and hit Continue.
After a few minutes, the installer will ask you if you want to install GRUB boot loader. Click Yes and Continue.
The installation should now complete, and you’ll be shown with the following notification message:
After it restarts, and you’re shown with the “login” screen, click on “Other…”
Type the username root in the box and press Enter or click “Log In,”
On the next screen, type the password which you just configured and press Enter or click “Log In” again. “toor” (Default password for root account in kali linux)
Kali should login, and you’re done!
If you type the password/username incorrectly, you’ll get this message:
Just try again, and remember to use the password that you created earlier.
Congratulations! You have now successfully installed Kali Linux in VMware!
You can delete that massive ISO file that you downloaded as well, it isn’t necessary any more. To get the most functionality out of Kali Linux, you should install VMware Tools.
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